Ella Fitzgerald

Carnegie Hall (New York, NY)

Jun 24, 1978

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  1. 1 Entrance / Applause 00:53
  2. 2 Too Close for Comfort 03:19
  3. 3 Song Intro 00:24
  4. 4 Satin Doll 02:26
  5. 5 Dream Dancing 04:51
  6. 6 Angel Eyes 03:47
  7. 7 Ain't Misbehavin' / Keepin' out of Mischief Now 02:36
  8. 8 I Cried For you 02:35
  9. 9 Song Intro 01:05
  10. 10 That's My Desire 03:59
  11. 11 Nobody Does It Better 04:00
  12. 12 One Note Samba 07:07
  13. 13 St. Louis Blues 06:04
  14. 14 Stomping at the Savoy 08:05
  15. 15 Song Introduction 00:21
  16. 16 How High the Moon 07:41
  17. 17 Song Introduction 00:27
  18. 18 Mack The Knife 06:14
More Ella Fitzgerald

Ella Fitzgerald - vocals
Tommy Flanagan - piano
Keeter Betts - bass
Jimmie Smith - drums

One of the regal singers in the history of jazz, Ella Fitzgerald was a virtuosic improviser as well as a remarkable ballad interpreter. Pure tone, clear
diction, and an engaging, girlish voice were the hallmarks of her straightforward singing style early on, along with her incredible three-octave range. In
later years, Ella would develop her improvisational skills to such a degree that she was regarded by male musicians as "one of the cats," capable of swinging
as forcefully and spontaneously as any soloist in the band. At this Carnegie Hall concert, she is accompanied by pianist and musical director Tommy Flanagan,
bassist Keeter Betts and drummer Jimmie Smith (Flanagan's trio actually kicked this June 24th evening off with an opening set).

At age 61, Fitzgerald sounds in fine voice here (revealing a tad more vibrato than in her earlier days) as she stretches her glorious instrument, effortlessly
swinging her way through such classics from the Great American Songbook as "Too Close for Comfort," Duke Ellington's "Satin Doll," Fats Waller's "Ain't
Misbehavin'" (which segues neatly to Fats' "Keepin' Out Of Mischief Now") and "I Cried for You" (a Tin Pan Alley tune popularized in the jazz world by Billie
Holiday). Along the way she takes great liberties on these familiar songs with her elastic phrasing and rhythmic ingenuity while scatting freely whenever the
feeling hits. She also demonstrates her inimitable way with ballads on a compelling reading of the haunting "Angel Eyes," a romantic rendition of Cole
Porter's "Dream Dancing" (title track of her Pablo album at the time) and her mellow interpretation of "That's My Desire." Ella and her fellas also turn in an
alluring interpretation of Carly Simon's "Nobody Does It Better," (theme from the James Bond movie The Spy Who Loved Me) and a frisky, scat-fueled
interpretation of Antonio Carlos Jobim's "One Note Samba." A show-stopping slow blues rendition of W.C. Handy's "St. Louis Blues" has Fitzgerald testifying in
sanctified fashion. She follows with two well-known anthems: "Stompin' at the Savoy" (a staple of the '30s Swing era) and "How High the Moon" (a staple of the
'40s bebop era). Ella imbues both tunes with generous doses of her fabulous scatting technique. And she encores with an effervescent reading of the Kurt
Weill-Bertolt Brecht tune "Mack the Knife," to the delight of this Carnegie Hall audience. Her freewheeling scatting on this closer is joyous and natural and
full of off-the-cuff musical quotes (everything from snippets of "Take Me Out to the Ballgame" to Benny Goodman's "Seven Come Eleven" to Sammy Davis Jr.'s
"Here Comes the Judge" from Laugh-In). And she ends with a raspy-voiced imitation of Louis Armstrong saying, "Ohhhh, yeah! Thank ya, folks. Thank you,
god bless." Truly, there is only one Ella.

The celebrated "First Lady of Song" was born on April 25, 1917 in Newport News, Virginia. She got her big break at the age of 17, winning an amateur talent
show at the Apollo Theater in Harlem. Jazz saxophonist Benny Carter, who happened to be in the audience at the Apollo that evening of November 21, 1934, later
brought Ella to the attention of drummer-bandleader Chick Webb, who hired her as the female singer for his popular orchestra, a mainstay at the Savoy
Ballroom. She started out sharing vocal duties with Taft Jordan and Louis Jordan before becoming the featured singer with the band. In 1936, the Chick Webb
Orchestra scored hits with Fitzgerald on "Sing Me a Swing Song" and "You'll Have to Swing It (Mr. Paganini)." But it was the catchy 1938 ditty, "A-Tisket
A-Tasket," that made Ella a household name. Following Webb's death in June, 1939, she took over the band at age 22, renaming it Ella Fitzgerald and Her Famous
Orchestra. She remained its leader for two years before signing as a solo artist in late 1941 with Decca Records.

By 1945, Fitzgerald began to demonstrate a freer, more mature sense of phrasing while alluding to the remarkably agile Louis Armstrong-influenced scat prowess
that would become her trademark. Beginning in 1948, the year she married jazz bassist Ray Brown, Ella became a favorite on Norman Granz's Jazz at the
Philharmonic concert tours, unleashing her formidable scatting chops in the company of such jazz stars as Dizzy Gillespie, Flip Phillips, Roy Eldridge, Herb
Ellis and Oscar Peterson. During this period, she scored a hit with her scat-laden version of "Lady Be Good," which would become her trademark tune throughout
her career. Fitzgerald's profile rose in the 1950s through a series of popular Songbook recordings for Verve dedicated to the works of Duke Ellington, Cole
Porter, Jerome Kern, Irving Berlin, Johnny Mercer, Harold Arlen and George and Ira Gershwin. One of the most rewarding albums in this series is her 1958
encounter with Louis Armstrong on Gershswin's Porgy & Bess.

In 1960, she scored another hit with her swinging, upbeat reading of Kurt Weill's "Mack the Knife." After bouncing between several different labels through
the decade, she emerged in the '70s on Norman Granz's Pablo label with a series of classy small group recordings featuring Joe Pass, Oscar Peterson and Count
Basie. Fitzgerald fell into ill health in the 1980s and was admitted into intensive care for heart trouble in 1986, but then made a comeback in 1990,
performing in a London concert with the Count Basie Orchestra. By 1994, she was in retirement, confined to a wheelchair. She died two years later on June 14,
1996.

-Written by Bill Milkowski